Role of Environmental Surveillance in Determining the Risk of Hospital-Acquired Legionellosis: A National Surveillance Study With Clinical Correlations
Hospital-acquired Legionella pneumonia has a fatality rate of 28%, and the source is the water distribution system. Two prevention strategies have been advocated. One approach to prevention is clinical surveillance for disease without routine environmental
monitoring. Another approach recommends environmental monitoring even in the absence of known cases of Legionella pneumonia. We determined the Legionella colonization status of water systems in hospitals to establish whether the results of environmental surveillance correlated with discovery of disease. None of these hospitals had previously experienced endemic hospital-acquired Legionella pneumonia.- Methods
- Members of the legionella study group
Authors: Janet E. Stout, PhD; Robert R. Muder, MD; Sue Mietzner, MS; Marilyn M. Wagener, MS; Mary Beth Perri, BS; Kathleen DeRoos, MSN; Dona Goodrich, BS; William Arnold, MS; Theresa Williamson, MS; Ola Ruark, MSN; Christine Treadway, MSN; Elizabeth C. Eckstein, MSN; Debra Marshall, RN; Mary Ellen Rafferty, MS; Kathleen Sarro, RN; Joann Page, MS; Robert Jenkins, BA; Gina Oda, MS; Kathleen J. Shimoda, RN, BS; Marcus J. Zervos, MD; Marvin Bittner, MD; Sharon L. Camhi, MD; Anand P. Panwalker, MD; Curtis J. Donskey, MD; Minh-Hong Nguyen, MD; Mark Holodniy, MD; Victor L. Yu, MD; and the Legionella Study Group
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